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False Claims Act Penalties Have Risen for the Second Time Within the Last Year

March 31, 2017 by  
Filed under False Claims Act, Featured

CB006524(March 30, 2017):  The False Claims Act is the primary civil enforcement tool utilized by the U.S. Department of Justice to address false claims submitted to government programs and contracts by individuals and entities.  The statute was first passed during the Civil War in 1863 in an effort to address the wrongful conduct of was profiteers.  Among its various provisions, the False Claims Act includes specific measures intended to encourage the disclosure of fraud by private persons through the filing of a whistleblower suit. Under these provisions, a private person (often referred to as a “relator”) can may bring a False Claims Act lawsuit on behalf of, and in the name of, the United States.  If a recovery is made, the relator may be eligible to a share of these monies.

I. Recoveries Under the False Claims Act in 2016 Were Substantial:

Most of the False Claims Act cases brought against health care providers are filed by whistleblowers. As set out in a December 2016 DOJ Press Release, during Fiscal Year 2016 the federal government obtained more than $4.7 billion in False Claims Act settlements and judgments. Of this total, $2.5 billion came from individuals and entities in the health care industry.

II. The Penalties That May be Assessed Under the False Claims Act Vary, Depending on the Date a False Claim or Statement to the Government Was Made:

A person found to have violated the False Claims Act may be liable for both civil penalties and treble damages. Under the 1986 amendments to the False Claims Act the range of civil penalties for violations of the False Claims Act from $5,000 to $10,000.  Since that time, the following additional adjustments have been made:

  • For false claims or statement made after October 23, 1996, but before August 1, 2016, the minimum penalty which may be assessed under 31 U.S.C. 3729 is $5,500 and the maximum penalty is $11,000, per false claim or statement.
  • For false claims or statements made on or after August 1, 2016, but before February 3, 2017, the minimum penalty which may be assessed under 31 U.S.C. 3729 is $10,781 and the maximum penalty is $21,563, per false claim or statement.

Although the amount of civil penalties assessed in False Claims Act cases almost doubled in August 2016, additional increases were recently announced.  On February 3, 2017, DOJ issued a Final Rule further adjusting the amount of civil monetary penalties that may be assessed under the False Claims Act to account for inflation.  For false claims or statements made after February 3, 2017, the minimum penalties which may be assessed under 31 U.S.C. 3729 is $10,957 and the maximum penalty is $21,916, per false claim or statement.

III. Health Care Providers Must Ensure that Their Claims to Medicare and / Medicaid Meet Statutory and Regulatory Requirements for Coverage and Payment:

In today’s health care billing environment, where the number of electronic claims submitted to Medicare can be significant, the potential penalties an organization could face for the submission of false claims can add up quickly. In light of the increases in penalty amounts implemented in August 2016 and in February 2017, we should expect to see future challenges under the Eighth Amendment of the Constitution.  As you will recall, the Eighth Amendment prohibits the imposition of “excessive fines,” or fines that are grossly disproportional to the gravity of an offense.

robert_w_lile-150x1501Liles Parker attorneys have extensive experience working on False Claims Act cases.  If your practice or health care organization has questions regarding the False Claims Act, give us a call.  For a free consultation, call Robert W. Liles.  He may be reached at:  (202) 298-8750.

 

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